The First International Symposium on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching (ISSESR)
was the brainchild of Dr. Erlend Moksness and was hosted by the Norwegian Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway, in 1997. The global significance of the meeting was soon apparent and the Japanese Sea Farming Association quickly offered to host the 2nd ISSESR in Kobe, Japan, in 2002. Thus began this dedicated symposium series. An important feature of these ISSESRs is that the driving forces behind the meetings have been a group of scientists, and a host national fisheries agency, with a strong interest in this discipline.
The aim of the first symposium was to clarify the biological, ecological, judicial and economic basis for new industries in coastal areas based on sea ranching of Atlantic salmon, Arctic charr, Atlantic cod and European lobster through stocking of hatchery reared juveniles. The symposium coincided with the culmination of the Norwegian program, including the Norwegian cod enhancement project, one of the most systematic and productive examples of investigations of the potential of using releases of reared fish as a means to enhance the yield of natural populations. Peer-reviewed scientific papers on presentations made at the first symposium were published together as the proceedings of the conference in a Blackwell Science book edited by B. Howell, E. Moksness and T. Svåsand in 1999, entitled Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching.
The Second International Symposium on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching
was sponsored by the Japan Fisheries Agency and the Japan Sea Farming Association (JASFA). Koji Imamura, President of JASFA, convened the second symposium in Kobe, Japan, in 2002. The aim of the second symposium followed the tradition established by the first symposium in Norway of highlighting scientific developments made around the world in the stocking hatchery-reared organisms to help replenish depleted fisheries and increase yields of recruitment limited stocks.
The proceedings of the second symposium were peer-reviewed and published in a Blackwell Science book edited by K.M. Leber, S. Kitada, H.L. Blankenship and T. Svåsand in 2004, entitled, Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching: Developments, Pitfalls and Opportunities.
The Third International Symposium on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching
The 3rd ISSESR was hosted by the NOAA-NMFS / NOAA Aquaculture Program, an agency program of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), U.S. Department of Commerce. The third symposium was convened in Seattle, Washington, USA in 2006 by Colin Nash, NOAA - NMFS Northwest Fisheries Science Center.
The proceedings of the third symposium were published in a special edition of the peer-reviewed journal, Reviews in Fisheries Science, in 2008, edited by J.D. Bell, K.M. Leber, H.L. Blankenship, N.R. Loneragan, R. Masuda and G. Vander Haegen.
The Fourth International Symposium on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching
was sponsored by the Dalian Zhangzidao Group Ltd, Shandong Homey Marine Development and Shandong Oriental Fishery Ocean Sci-Tech Co., Ltd. with additional assistance by Shanghai Ocean University, Murdoch University and the Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute's Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences. The forth symposium was held in Shanghai, China, in 2011 at Shanghai Ocean University. The symposium was integrated with the 9th Asian Fisheries Forum. The proceedings of the forth symposium are in preparation.
The Fifth International Symposium on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching
will be held in Sydney, Australia in 2015 or 2016 (TBA).
Guidelines for Future Symposia
The guidelines and planning protocols for the International Symposium on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching were established by the convener of the first symposium in Norway, Erlend Moksness, Director of the Coastal Resources Program of the Norwegian Institute of Marine Research.